Codeless Automation Testing
Codeless Automated Testing, or codeless automation, is the process of creating automated tests without writing a single line of code. Codeless automation lets teams automate the process of writing test scripts regardless of skill level.
Codeless test automation is the same as codeless testing. The basic premise of codeless test automation is that test creation should not require any kind of coding. Now, because there are many tools available in the market that offer codeless automation, there are multiple ways of how it works on the Frontend. The common process for them is the conversion of frontend representation to machine-understandable code in the backend to finally make it work.
E.g. For a tool like Testsigma, the test cases are written in simple English language, via NLP. These simple statements are converted to code in the backend for execution.
The Evolution Of Codeless Automation Testing School
Automation Testing was introduced to make the lives of testers easier by automating mundane tasks. It became popular with the launch of the open-source automation framework Selenium. Selenium greatly simplified interaction with websites that made automation a lot easier but it also needed the help of a programming language for successful execution.
Later on, some tools enabled the recording and playback of test cases. Selenium also got an IDE in 2006 that enabled the recording of test cases and conversion of them to supported programming languages. These record and playback IDEs helped manual testers to record their test cases while performing the test steps and play them to execute the test cases whenever needed.
The problem was that these test cases were not scalable, these could not be edited to change or update or add more complex scenarios. To edit them, they needed to be exported in some supported language and then worked on by a person that knew how to code.
From then to now, a few codeless automation tools have been launched that allows users to create test cases without learning any programming language and also allow them to edit the test cases when needed.
Certain Benefits Of Codeless Testing Are Below
Low Learning Curve: With codeless testing, test cases can be created even when the user does not know coding or programming languages. Thus, it does not take much time for the user to learn and start creating the test cases.
Easy to Review: As these test cases are created without any code, these are readable and understandable for people that don’t know how to code. Thus, these test cases can be easily reviewed by other non-technical stakeholders in a project.
Efficient: Because the learning curve is slow and the test case creation does not need the use of complex syntax, the test case creation is quick and enhances the efficiency of the automation process.
Saves resources: With codeless testing, the testers don’t need to learn new languages and don’t need a new person to be hired for coding skills. Thus, time, cost and resources can be easily saved.
Why Codeless Automation Test is Fast?
Codeless automation tools are being rapidly adopted by organizations worldwide and there is a reason for it. Codeless automation testing aims to solve many challenges that the testing teams were facing for a long time as also listed below
Manual testers could not automate the test cases: In an organization that follows SDLC, the manual testers do the first round of testing on a feature and then once it is stable, it is automated by the automation team. Here, the manual testers had the knowledge of the feature and its working but automation was being done by another person that does not have much knowledge of the feature. Now, with codeless automation, manual testers can use their product knowledge for automation too. Thus, improving the quality of automated test cases.
Test cases could only be reviewed by people who knew how to code: Earlier, the automated test cases were not easy to understand for non-technical people involved in the project. Now, with codeless automation, these test cases can be easily automated by even the non-technical stakeholders including project managers, product managers, and clients.
Manual Test execution is slow: Super-fast test automation is the main benefit of codeless automation speed. The learning curve is low and the time taken in test creation is also low. Thus, the problem where automation could not keep up with the speed of features and enhancements being added to a product and thereby becoming a bottleneck could now be easily solved.
Tough to maintain test cases: The test cases once automated, were tough to maintain because of the code complexities involved in automation. These problems can be solved via codeless test automation.
Why Codeless Testing is the Future?
Codeless automation testing is an automation practice where the tester is not required to write code. Usually, these are ‘simpler’ and ‘easier to learn’ as compared to traditional automation testing tools.
We as humans tend to adopt suggestions/processes/tools that make our life better in some way. Codeless automation is the future because there are multiple ways it promises to improve the lives of testers, developers and organizations and is also listed below:
Saves time: If the Software Development and the Testing processes are such that there are a lot of bug fixes going on at the same time, doing partial regression testing after each fix will prove too much time taking. Then performing complete regression testing once all the development work is done makes more sense.
Saves Resources: Codeless automation is easy to learn and easy to implement and saves a lot of time that testers spend in learning automation and implementing it.
Removes the testing bottleneck: Because the test case automation is speeded up, the developers are no longer blocked by testing.
Why is Codeless Automation Testing Needed?
“Automation Testing” is hectic because the creation and maintenance of test cases are hefty and again take time, usually because there is too much code to deal with. A change in one component means changes all across the testing framework. A minor change in the code means maintenance of all the affected test cases.
The first need that codeless automation testing fulfils is allowing the ‘manual testers’ to automate the test cases they created. Thus, the gap between ‘manual testers’ and ‘automation testers’ can be finally bridged.
The second is the need to make automation easy and quick. Now, with codeless testing, automation is easier than ever because the biggest hurdle of coding and debugging the code has now been removed.
The third is the need for making the automated test cases reviewable. The developed code results in a usable product at some point so that is where it can be verified by users but the correctness of automated test cases was not reviewable till the time codeless automation came into existence. Now, with codeless testing, the non-technical members of a project including the clients can review the automated tests and provide feedback if there is some scenario that was not automated according to the actual use cases.
There are many tools available for codeless automation testing in the market the mainly most used codeless automation testing tools are given below
Katalon Studio takes the next position on our list. It is a 2020 Customers’ Choice in Software Test Automation and is ranked as a Top Automated Software Testing. The recognitions sum up why we have it as a first ranker in our list. Katalon is a popular choice for its wide range of testing capabilities across APIs, Web, Mobile, and Desktop applications. Katalon studio’s features are easy-to-use for beginners and experienced testers.
Katalon comes with a user-friendly interface for business users and testing experts. The record and playback functionalities, and drag-and-drop commands, make it a true Codeless test automation tool. Testers can import external testing libraries and let the tool perform the execution, avoiding the need for building a framework from scratch.
Web, API, mobile, and desktop test automation. Deploy on Windows, MacOS, and Linux
- Comes with built-in project templates, test-case libraries, keywords, and object repositories
- Advanced Business-Driven Development features
- Automatically generate tests based on UI changes
- Able to locate changes in the object and generate tests accordingly
- Supports native plugins for the popular CI tools
- Robust and comprehensive reporting capabilities
- Built-in integrations such as Test Management, Issue Management, Notifications, & Communication
Perfecto is another leading testing platform for web and mobile applications. It is a cloud-based automation solution with multiple supported devices, browsers, and OS combinations for mobile and web application testing. Perfecto has AI capabilities for error classifications, and self-healing features to update test scripts continuously and run them with minimum maintenance.
Perfecto attempts to elevate digital experiences by optimizing continuous testing in the CI/CD processes. The cloud-based feature lets testers collaborate from anywhere. The advanced reporting capabilities ensure bug capture and detailed analysis of fixes in the early stages of SDLC. According to Forrester, “Perfecto is a strong enterprise choice, with improved parallel testing capabilities and high-level performance test execution at scale with enterprise-grade security.”
- Provides Continuous testing by automating the complete Software Testing Lifecycle (STLC).
- Ability to support a live testing environment.
- Provides Enterprise-grade security and scalability features.
- AI-drive test maintenance capabilities.
- Functionalities to reuse test.
- Provides continuous feedback.
TestingWhiz is a codeless automation testing tool that provides automated testing solutions to software companies for their Software, Web, Mobile, Database, Cloud, Web Services, and API testing. It automates, executes, and manages test cases effortlessly & efficiently.
- Fast Automation Engine to help you create automated test cases, on a keyword and data-driven structure, object-based architecture with Java scripting.
- With its Visual Recorder, you can automate the testing of desktop-based applications, widgets as well as flash applications using inputs from onscreen actions such as Input, Scroll, Clicks, Cancel, and more.
- With its Integrated Mobile Recorder, you can automate test recording on multiple mobile applications/devices.
- With its Integrated OCR Capability, you can reduce the need for keying in data by detecting and extracting the text from images
- Integrated PDF and Excel Commands.
- Multiple web browsers support such as Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer(IE) and Microsoft Edge along with Android and iOS mobile browsers
Leapwork is another cloud-based, codeless test automation tool that supports multiple types of applications like Web, Windows, SAP, and more. Automation is the cornerstone of Leapwork and they implemented it with default libraries and pre-defined building blocks, helping teams to save time and improve productivity.
- Visual flow builder with drag-and-drop building blocks
- Codeless capabilities shorten the learning curve for testing teams
- Ability to reuse automation flows across different test cases
- Supports cross-browser testing and parallel executions
- Well-documented knowledge base for early adopters with videos and documents
- Effortless integration with existing DevOps toolset
- Smart recorder to capture test steps and execute them automatically
- Able to handle large volumes of data and supports multiple data sources
That document will say why the codeless automation tool is very useful for the IT industry. In codeless automation testing is the future for every tester. They will know how to use the codeless automation testing tool will work. There are many benefits are coming under codeless automation testing.